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viṣayavatī vā pravr̥ttir utpannā manasaḥ sthiti-nibandhanī
Or the concentration on subtle sense perceptions can cause steadiness of mind.
Translated - Swami Satchidananda
In essence, this sutra describes the mental tendency or inclination (pravr̥tti) of the mind towards external objects (viṣaya). When this tendency arises (utpannā), the mind becomes attached or bound (sthiti-nibandhanī) to the state or condition dictated by the external objects. The significance of this concept lies in understanding the relationship between the mind and external stimuli. The mind, if left untrained and undisciplined, can easily get entangled with sensory experiences, leading to various mental fluctuations and distractions. Such attachments can hinder spiritual progress and inner peace. Self-awareness and mindfulness are emphasised to break free from the binding nature of the mind. By recognising the tendencies of the mind and its attraction towards external objects, individuals can cultivate detachment (vairāgya) and develop an inner state of stability (sthiti) that is not dependent on the ever-changing external world. By observing the mind's inclinations and consciously redirecting its focus towards inner awareness and higher realities, individuals can gradually liberate themselves from the grip of external influences. This process of inner transformation and detachment is an essential aspect of spiritual growth and self-realisation.
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